**May, Raven's Matrices Expert at JobTestPrep**

Have a question? Contact me at:

ask_the_team@jobtestprep.co.uk

## Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test (APM)

The questions in this Raven's assessment test include a 3X3 matrix. You must identify the pattern and select the missing element which completes the bottom right slot. We will start out with an easy example, and then move on to more challenging progressive matrices. The advanced progressive matrices will be interspersed with tips and insights on the Raven's progressive matrices test.

#### Sample Question #1

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The positioning of the small black square inside the large square corresponds with the position of the figure in the matrix: All the figures in the leftmost column have their black square on the left, the middle column in the middle, and the right column on the right. All the figures in the top row have their squares on top, the middle row in the middle, and the bottom row at the bottom. The bottom-right figure should, therefore, have its black square at the bottom-right corner.

#### Sample Question #2

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The third (rightmost) image in the first two rows is the result of adding a diagonal line pattern to the top half of the first images in those rows. Thus, the third image of the bottom row must also be the result of adding a diagonal line pattern to the top half of the first image in the bottom row.

#### Tip: How to Recognize Different Patterns?

When approachingspatial inductive questions – and especially progressive matrices, **there is great importance in identifying different patterns quickly and accurately**. Since time is short, and questions may become increasingly difficult – it is crucial not only to practice ahead but also to learn to recognize recurring patterns.

**Recurring patterns** may include figures (such as circles, triangles, and rectangles), moving clockwise/anti-clockwise, the direction of lines, and changing colours (mostly black or white). For Raven's Assessments, there will usually be one recurring pattern along the rows and another along the columns.

For example, the first Raven's Progressive Matrices question on this test consists of a basic, moving black square inside a large white square – which moves left-to-right along the rows, and up-and-down along the columns. The second example starts as a blank square (top left). As it descends down the rows, it adds diagonal lines for each step. It does the same as it moves left along the columns. Since the direction of the diagonal lines is opposite for rows and columns – you can quickly figure that the part of the square that includes lines from both rows or bottom will present a new, unique pattern, not yet seen.

## Prep Yourself with Raven's Matrices Practice

Recutting patterns are the most fundamental aspect of abstract reasoning tests, in particular Raven's Advanced Matrices.

For a price starting at £39, you can begin your practice today, including **guides with valuable solving tips**, and **hundreds of matrices with a variety of patterns** – both unique and recurring.

Let's review some more of Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) questions.

#### Sample Question #3

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The second image in each row is the result of moving the three shapes in the first image in each row closer together, and the third image in the first two rows is the result of placing the shapes from the first image in each row inside each other. Thus, the third image in the bottom row must have the shapes from the first image in the bottom row inside each other.

#### Sample Question #4

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

In this question, each image contains a circle with straight vertical lines inside the circle, and in some of the images, parts of the circle or lines are missing.

In every column, the first image is the “full” one. The second image loses the lower line of the + shape inside the circle, and the third image loses the right line of the + shape inside the circle.

In every row, the first image is the “full” one. The second image loses the right-upper quarter of the circle, and the third one loses the circle's left-upper quarter.

The missing image is the third in both the third row and column, so it will have the right and left upper quarters missing and the lower and right lines of the + shape missing.

#### Tip: Eliminating Answers

Given the time- constraint often imposed on cognitive assessments, there is no shame in using elimination as a shortcut to the right answer. The same is true for Raven's Progressive Matrices.

**Use the observed patterns to eliminate unlikely options**. If you notice that the number of shapes is increasing, then any option with fewer or the same number of shapes can probably be eliminated. **Try to mentally place the remaining options into the empty slot**. Does it complete both the row and the column patterns? If so, you may have found your answer.

For the previous example, you can immediately eliminate the entire bottom row – which includes figures that already appeared in the matrix. Since the matrix shows a pattern of reduction, **it is not plausible that a figure would appear twice**. The advantage of this method is that even when you are uncertain of the answer and have to take a guess – it becomes an educated guess, and the chances of answering correctly increase.

## Practise for Raven's Test

JobTestPrep has had **decades of experience** in prepping test takers for their upcoming psychometric test.

For a price starting at £39, you can find **many more useful solving tips** and practice them on hundreds of different matrices.

#### Sample Question #5

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The third image in the first two rows is the result of combining the horizontal and vertical lines that appear in both of the first two images with the diagonal lines that only appear in the first or second image, but not both. Thus, the third image in the bottom row must be the result of combining the horizontal and vertical lines that appear in both of the first two images with the diagonal lines that only appear in the first or second image, but not both.

Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test comes in a long version (**23 questions in 40 minutes**), or a shorter version (**12 questions in 15 minutes**). Either way, the questions vary in difficulty - their become increasingly more challengin due to nearing time limit, difficulty, and fatigue as the test progresses.

Raven's progressive matrices test, and the advance progressive matrices in particular, are the basis for many abstract reasoning tests, like the Talent-Q Elements, which is a very popular test.

**The best way to succeed in the test is practice**.Seeing, analysing, and responding to many different matrices and patterns is essential to success. You can find many of Raven's APM practice tests and, study guides, and detailed explanation with solving tips in our All-Inclusive Raven Matrices PrepPack.

Let's look at a couple of examples of the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) Test, which vary in format and difficulty:

Back Up

## Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Test (SPM)

The questions in this aptitude test include either an image of different figures or patterns. You must identify what the missing figure is, in matrices of different sizes (i.e., 2X2). The Raven's SPM IQ Test is typically given to a younger population, and the SPM scores are accordingly evaluated against a norm group consisting of younger people. (Raven's coloured Progressive Matrices Test is intended for the youngest audience, children up to 11 years of age).

Let's take a look at three standard progressive matrices:

#### Sample Question #6

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The missing piece should have black vertical lines that bend outwards and white horizontal lines that bend inwards.

#### Sample Question #7

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The horizontal solid lines appear to be curving inward and outward while the vertical dashed lines appear to be curving inward only. Thus, the correct answer choice must contain horizontal solid lines that curve inward and then outward while the vertical dashed lines curve inward.

#### Sample Question #8

**Observe the following progressive matrix and identify the pattern**.

Which of the following is the missing piece?

The Correct Answer is:

The first image in the bottom row is the result of mirroring the first image in the top row over the x-axis. Thus, the second image in the bottom row must be the result of mirroring the second image in the top row over the x-axis.

Back Up

## Practise Raven's progressive matrices test

**JobTestPrep's Raven's Progressive Matrices PrepPack** – Through our practice, you will find hundreds of different practice questions for the Raven IQ Test, with different matrices of formats, styles, and difficulty levels. Practising both under the pressure of the test's real time limit, as well as having the opportunity to practice different matrices and inductive questions to improve your ability to completely analyze and complete patterns. Our PrepPack includes:

**Full Raven's Matrices study guide****5 Full Raven's Matrices simulations****7 Matrices practice tests****Advanced and standard progressive matrices**

**11 Next in Series practice tests****Inductive video tutorial**

**Enhance your logical thinking, sharpen your cognitive ability, and learn to ace the Raven Test.**

Back Up

## Frequently Asked Questions

Raven's progressive matrices measure general fluid intelligence. A larger number of correct answers than average indicates above-average intelligence, and vice versa.

Due to a lack of cultural bias, Raven's Test is considered a very effective and accurate tool of assessing cognitive thinking and intellectual capacity.

Past versions of the Raven Test were scored by simply counting the correct answers and awarding a point for each. New test versions, however, use a more complex system known as theta sores.

Theta scores range from +4 to -4 (indicating high and low ability, respectively), and take into account not only whether the answer was right or wrong but also the item difficulty and discrimination (difficulty being the portion of people who fail to answer it correctly, discrimination being its ability to differentiate between poor and high performers).

Thus, getting a difficult question right will affect your theta score more than getting an easy question right.

In any case, your theta scores are converted to a percentile rank, which indicates how well you did as compared with your peers. This is the score that will appear on your report. The highest achievable percentile score is 99, which means you are in the top 1% of your norm group.